The Institute was established by Soviet Government for
Kapitza in 1934.
Shortly there after, Kapitza discovered superfluidity
helium. Landau clarify the quantum nature of this a mysterious phenomenon and developed a theory of quantum liquids. For this work Kapitsa and
Landau was awarded the Nobel Prize (respectively 1978 and 1962).
Two other works carried out at the Institute, the theory of superconductivity Gizburga-Landau
and Abrikosov theory of second order superconductors have been recognized by the Nobel Committee (Abrikosov
and Ginsburg, 2003).
The key experimental and theoretical work in the field of superconductivity (intermediate
state, thermal conductivity) of the electron spectrum of metals (Fermi surface,
surface levels in a magnetic field, the effect of interference of electrons in a metal), of superfluid helium (Kapitza jump, second sound, viscosity superfluid
spin current in helium-3), quantum crystals (quantum diffusion, crystallization wave faceting phase transitions)
magnetism (antiferromagnetic resonance, weak ferromagnetism, magneto-electric effect, light scattering by magnons,
spin waves) were carried out at the Institute.
The Institute has made a significant contribution to the science,
technology and defense capability of the country.
The Landau-Lifshitz Course of Theoretical Physics was wrighten in the Institute
The Institute has established magazines JETP, JETP Letters, IET.
IPP is currently research and educational institutions
in low temperature physics. The main fields of research are:
- Quantum fluids and solids
- Quantum theory of condensed matter
- Low temperature magnetism
- Scanning tunnel microscopy for study of materials